Poppers Information, Research, and Risk  

 

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Courtney-Quirk, Cari et al. "Factors associated with sexual risk behavior among persons living with HIV: gender and sexual identity group differences."  AIDS Behavior (2008) 12:685-694.   Serodiscordant unprotected anal sex was associated with using poppers among gay or bisexual men. In the final adjusted model for gay or bisexual men factors that were independently associated with unprotected  anal sex including using poppers, having multiple partners, and lower safe sex self-efficacy.

"Poppers use should be target for gay men's HIV prevention" summary of Sexually Transmitted Infections Nov 2007 UK HIV seroconversion study:

 
 MacDonald, Neil et al. Factors associated with HIV seroconversion in gay men in England at the start of the 21st century.  Sexually Transmitted Infections  published on November 14, 2007;1-11.

Drumright, Lydia et al. Associations between substance use, erectile dysfunction medication and recent HIV infection among men who have sex with men.  AIDS and Behavior published online 7 December 2007; 1-17.Case control study finds nitrites and amphetamine may increase HIV risk among MSM, not erectile dysfunction medication.

Carey, James et al. Non-injection drug use, high-risk sexual behaviors, and HIV seroconversion risk among men who have sex with men in Chicago and Los Angeles. (Abstract A05-1). National HIV Prevention Conference, Atlanta,USA, 2007.

Schwarcz S et al. Prevalence of HIV infection and predictors of high-transmission sexual risk behaviors among men who have sex with men.  American Journal of Public Health  2007; 97(6):1067-1075.  PMID  17463384

Lampinen TM et al. Nitrite inhalant use among young gay and bisexual men in Vancouver during a period of increasing HIV incidence. BMC Public Health  2007 Mar 15; 7(1):35:1-8.Epub ahead of print. PMID 17362516   www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/7/35

Plankey MW et al. The relationship between methamphetamine and popper use and risk of HIV seroconversion in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study.  Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency  2007; Feb 22;Epub ahead of print.:1-8. PMID 17325605

Courtney-Quirk, C et al. Factors associated with sexual risk behavior among persons living with HIV: gender and sexual identity group differences. AIDS and Behavior published online 26 June 2007. 1-18. PMID 1752764

Folch, Cinta et al. Factors associated with unprotected sexual intercourse with steady male,casual male, and female partners among men who sex with men in Barcelona,Spain. AIDS Education and Prevention 2006, 18(3), 227-242.

Drumright LN et al. Club drugs as causal risk factors for HIV acquisition among men who sex with men: a review.  Substance Use and Misuse 2006;; 41(10-12):1551-601.  PMID  17002993

Koblin BA et al. Risk factors for HIV infection among men who have sex with men.  AIDS  2006;20: 731-739.  PMID 

Parsons JT et al.  Sexual risk behaviors and substance use among alcohol abusing HIV-positive men who have sex with men.  Journal of Psychoactive Drugs  2005;37(1):27-36.  PMID

Choi, Kyung-Hee et al. Substance use, substance choice, and unprotected anal intercourse among young Asian American and Pacific Islander men who have sex with men.  AIDS Education and Prevention 2005  17(5):418-429.  PMID 16255638

Purcell DW et al. Illicit substance use, sexual risk, and HIV-positive gay and bisexual men: differences by serostatus of casual partners.  AIDS 2005; 19 Supplement 1:S37-S47.  PMID 15838193

Buchbinder SP et al. Sexual risk,nitrite inhalant use, and lack of circumcision associated with HIV seroconversion in men who have sex with men in the United States.  Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome 2005; 39(1):82-89.  PMID 15851918

Colfax G et al. Longitundinal patterns of methamphetamine, popper(amyl nitrite), and cocaine use and high-risk sexual behavior among a cohort of San Francisco men who have sex with men. Journal of Urban Health 2005; 82(1 Suppl 1): i62-70. Epub 2005. PMID  15738319

Morin, S et al. Predicting HIV transmission risk among HIV-infected men who have sex with men: findings from the healthy living project. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome 40(2), 1 October 2005: 226-235.  PMID

www.mhra.org/pdf/research/TF2004_v16_n8_pp1036.pdf  Hirshfield RH et al. Substance use and high risk sex among gays and gays using the internet: A national online study in USA. AIDS Care  2004 November,16(8): 1036-1047.

Colfax G et al. Substance use and sexual risk: a participant-and episode-level analysis among a cohort of men who have sex with men.  American Journal of Epidemiology  2004;May 159(10):1002-12. PMID  15128613

Courtenay-Quirk C et al.  Factors associated with sexual risk behavior among persons living with HIV: gender and sexual identity group differences.  AIDS and Behavior   2007; 1-18. PMID

Folch C et al. Factors associated with unprotected sexual intercourse with steady male, casual male, and female partners among men who have sex with men in Barcelona, Spain.  AIDS Education and Prevention  2006; 18(3)227-242.  PMID

Drumright LN et al. Club drugs as causal risk factors for HIV acquisition among men who sex with men: a review. Substance Use and Misuse   2006; 41(10-12): 1551-601.  PMID 17002993

Koblin BA et al. High-risk behaviors among men who sex with men in 6 US cities: baseline data from the EXPLORE Study. American Journal of Public Health  2003; 93(6) 926-932. PMID

Mattison AM et al. Circuit party attendance, club drug use, and unsafe sex in gay men. Journal of Substance Abuse  2001; 13:119-126.  PMID 

Ruiz, J et al. Risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus infection and unprotected anal intercourse among young men who have sex with men. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 1998; 25(2): 100-107. PMID

Chesney, M et al. Histories of substance use and risk behavior: precursors to hiv seroconversion in homosexual men. American Journal of Public Health  1998;88(1): 113-116. PMID 9584015

McFarland, W et al. Estimation of human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) seroincidence among repeat anonymous testers in San Francisco. American Journal of Epidemiology 1997; 146(8): 662-664. PMID

Woody GE et al. Non-injection substance use correlates with risky sex among men having sex with men: data from HIVNET. Drug and Alcohol Dependence  1999; 53: 197-205.  PMID 

Ostrow, D et al. A case-control study of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 seroconversion and risk-related behaviors in the Chicago MACS/CCS Cohort.American Journal of Epidemiology 1995; 142(8): 875-883. PMID 75772964

Seage, G et al.  The relation between nitrite inhalants, unprotected receptive anal intercourse, and the risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection. American Journal of Epidemiology 1992; 135(1): 1-11.  PMID 1346559

Messiah, A et al. Factors correlated with homosexually acquired Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection in the era of "safer sex". Sexually Transmitted Diseases  1993; Jan-Feb: 51-58. PMID

Penkower, L at al. Behavioral, health and psychological factors and risk for hiv infection among sexually active homosexual men. American Journal of Public Health  1991;81(2): 194-196. PMID

Burcham, J et al. Incidence and risk factors for Human Immunodeficiency Virus seroconversion in a cohort of Sydney homosexual men. Medical Journal of Australia  1989; 150: 634-639. PMID

Moss AR et al. Risk factors for AIDS and HIV seropositivity in homosexual men.  American Journal of Epidemiology 1987; 125(6): 1035-1047. PMID

vanGriensven et al. Risk factors and prevalence of HIV antibodies in homosexual men in the Netherlands. American Journal of Epidemiology  1987; 125(6): 1048-1057. PMID

Poppers and HIV Infection

...." letís not forget our dear friend poppers. You guys have a death grip on those little bottles like a steel trap. And they are just as commonly associated with sexual risk behavior and seroconversion as crystal is. Read your research literature, folks, itís all there. And again, more guys use poppers than meth. On average, about10% of gay men have used crystal in the past year. Itís 2-4 times that with poppers. Take onelook at Craigslist and youíll see ads all over that say ďno PNP. Poppers OK.ĒIs this really OK? Is it really OK that guys feel like they canít have the sex they want without inhaling chemicals? I realize that no one is losing a job to poppers addiction, but plenty aregetting HIV. Is this really OK? " 

Susan Kingston    Keynote, June 2007;  Chicago AIDS Fdtn HIV Forum

www.tht.org.uk/informationresources/publicationsf  2007 British research suggests that sniffing poppers during sex makes HIV infection more likely. Go to section called Terence Higgins Trust newsletter article: "Poppers - Number Crunching"  page 7.