Poppers Information, Research, and Risk  


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Research about POPPERS


Both human and animal studies indicate that poppers use affects the immune system.


The effects on the immune system  may increase susceptibility to HIV and other  infections if someone is exposed through unprotected sex.




Check the MENU BAR ABOVE for bibliographies on poppers and

Immunosuppression - Immune System Effects

Kaposi's Sarcoma, HHV-8, Cancer

HIV infection and AIDS

Peer reviewed journals cited in the bibliographies:

AIDS - AIDS and Behavior - AIDS Care - AIDS Education and Prevention -American J of Epidemiology        

American Journal of Medicine - American Journal of Public Health - BMC Public Health          

Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy - Cancer Research - Clinical Infectious Diseases                   

Clinical Toxicology - Drug and Alcohol Dependence - Experimental Hematology                        

Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicity - International Journal of Immunopharmacology               

Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome - Journal of Clinical Virology          

Journal of Infectious Diseases - J of Leukocyte Biology - Journal of National Cancer Institute                                       

Journal of Neuroimmunology - Journal of Psychoactive Drugs - Journal of Substance Abuse              

Journal of Urban Health - The Lancet - New England Medical Journal-  Pharmacotherapy

Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Sexually Transmitted Infections - Substance Use and Misuse

Non peer reviewed journals cited in bibliographies:

Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology         

Advances in Biochemistry and Psychopharmacology

Biochemistry and Biophysical Research Communications             


Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis                 

Fundamental and Applied Toxicology

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health          

Journal of Toxicology and Clinical Toxicology

National Institute of Drug Abuse Monograph            

National Toxicology Program Technical Report Service

Neurobehavioral Toxicology Teratology                    

Nitric Oxide

Research Communications of Chemistry, Pathology and Pharmacology                         

Toxicology Letters